What is "Twist" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 20-Jan-2023 (8 months, 2 days ago)
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In the realm of textiles, the term "twist" refers to a fundamental characteristic of yarn and thread. It denotes the spiral arrangement of fibers around a central axis, resulting in the formation of a cohesive and durable structure. The twisting process is essential in textile production as it imparts strength, stability, and other desirable properties to the final fabric or yarn.

Twist is introduced to fibers during the spinning process, where individual staple fibers or filaments are combined to form a continuous strand. The amount of twist added to the fibers determines the yarn's overall strength, appearance, and behavior. Yarns with low twist are softer, more pliable, and drape well, while high-twist yarns exhibit greater strength, resilience, and durability.

The direction and degree of twist are significant considerations in textile manufacturing. The direction of twist can be either S-twist (left-handed) or Z-twist (right-handed), named after the shape of the resulting spirals. These opposite twists create balanced yarns, ensuring that the final fabric does not skew or distort during use or washing.

The degree of twist is measured in turns per inch (TPI) or turns per meter (TPM) and varies based on the intended application of the textile. Low-twist yarns are suitable for lightweight fabrics, such as delicate garments or drapery, where softness and drape are paramount. Medium-twist yarns are versatile and commonly used in a variety of textile applications. High-twist yarns find applications in heavy-duty fabrics, upholstery, and industrial textiles requiring exceptional strength and resistance to wear.

Various factors influence the selection of twist in textile production, including fiber type, yarn thickness, and desired fabric characteristics. For instance, natural fibers like cotton, wool, and silk typically require different twist levels due to their inherent properties. Synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon, or acrylic also have specific twist requirements based on their intended use and performance characteristics.

Top Users and Manufacturers of Twisted Textiles:

Apparel and Fashion Industry:
The apparel and fashion industry extensively employs twisted textiles to create a wide range of garments. Clothing manufacturers utilize twisted yarns in the production of knitwear, woven fabrics, hosiery, and accessories. Leading clothing brands and fashion houses worldwide rely on high-quality twisted textiles to ensure the durability and aesthetic appeal of their products.

Home Textiles:
The home textiles sector encompasses a broad range of products such as bedding, towels, upholstery fabrics, curtains, and carpets. Twisted yarns are crucial in these applications to provide comfort, strength, and resistance to regular wear and tear. Prominent home textile manufacturers rely on twisted textiles to produce long-lasting and visually appealing products for residential and commercial use.

Technical Textiles:
Technical textiles refer to specialized fabrics engineered for industrial and technical applications. These textiles often require high-twist yarns to withstand extreme conditions, such as in automotive components, geotextiles, protective clothing, and medical textiles. Manufacturers in the technical textiles sector depend on twisted textiles to ensure exceptional strength, durability, and performance in their products.

Handicrafts and Artisans:
Twisted textiles are also widely used by artisans, crafters, and DIY enthusiasts for various creative projects. From knitting and crochet to weaving and embroidery, individuals in the handicrafts industry employ twisted yarns to create unique and intricate designs. The versatility and availability of twisted textiles make them an ideal choice for creative endeavors.

Leading manufacturers of twisted textiles include established companies with expertise in spinning and yarn production. These manufacturers invest in advanced machinery, quality control processes, and innovative research to develop yarns with precise twist specifications. Some renowned manufacturers in this field include industry giants like Coats Group, Vardhman Group, Parkdale Mills, and Huvis Corporation.

In conclusion, twist is a critical attribute in the textile industry, determining the strength, appearance, and performance of yarn and fabrics. The choice of twist direction, degree, and fiber type is carefully considered during textile production to achieve desired characteristics. Twisted textiles find extensive usage in the apparel, home textiles, technical textiles, and handicraft sectors, catering to diverse consumer needs and applications. Prominent manufacturers continually innovate and produce high-quality twisted textiles to meet the demands of various industries.
A term that applies to the number of turns and the direction that two yarns are turned during the manufacturing process. The yarn twist brings the fibers close together and makes them compact. It helps the fibers adhere to one another, increasing yarn strength. The direction and amount of yarn twist helps determine appearance, performance, durability of both yarns and the subsequent fabric or textile product. Single yarns may be twisted to the right (S twist) or to the left (Z twist). Generally, woolen and worsted yarns are S-twist, while cotton and flax yarns are typically Z-twist. Twist is generally expressed as turns per inch (tpi), turns per meter (tpm), or turns per centimeter (tpc).
The number of turns about its axis per unit of length of a yarn or other textile strand.
The winding of yarn around itself. More twist improves carpet performance, especially in a cut pile carpet.

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