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What is "Calender" - Definition & Explanation

A machine in which heavy bowls rotate in contact under mechanical pressure.

NOTE:

The bowls may be unheated or one may be a thick-walled steel shell heated internally. All bowls may rotate at the same surface speed, or one highly polished and heated bowl may rotate at a higher surface speed than the rest. In certain specialised machines, e.g. for knitted goods, two adjacent bowls may be heated, or, in the case of a laundry calender, one bowl works against a steam chest shaped to the curvature of the bowl.

A machine with rollers (cylinders) which press the fabric to give a moire or watered effect by flattening the surface in irregular creases.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A dashboard or dash board (sometimes facia in British English) in an automobile is a panel located under the windscreen (windshield) and containing indicators and dials such as the tachometer,...
The combination of two or more types of staple fibers and/or colors in one yarn. Blends are sometimes so intimate that It is difficult to distinguish component fibers in yarn or fabric. A highly...
A heavy conventional twill-weave coating with a spongy napped surface that is rolled into little tufts or nubs to resemble chinchilla fur. Usually made from woold or wool cotton blends in coating...
A lightweight, plain weave, fabric, made from cotton, rayon, or acetate, and characterized by a puckered striped effect, usually in the warp direction. The crinkled effect is created through the...
In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper...

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