What is "Cheviot" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 14-Mar-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 3 days ago)
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Cheviot is a type of woolen fabric that is known for its durability, versatility, and unique texture. It is derived from the wool of Cheviot sheep, a breed native to the Cheviot Hills of Scotland and England. Cheviot fabric has gained popularity in the textile industry due to its exceptional characteristics and wide range of applications.

Meaning and Definition

Cheviot fabric is made from the wool of Cheviot sheep, which is known for its dense, resilient, and crimped fibers. The term "Cheviot" also refers to the specific type of woolen fabric produced using this wool. It is characterized by its distinctive texture, which is slightly coarse yet soft to the touch. The fabric is typically woven using a plain or twill weave, resulting in a sturdy and durable material.

Characteristics and Types

Cheviot fabric possesses several key characteristics that make it highly valued in the textile industry:

  1. Durability: Cheviot fabric is renowned for its durability and resistance to wear and tear. The natural crimp of the wool fibers provides strength and resilience, making it suitable for heavy-duty applications.
  2. Texture: Cheviot fabric has a unique texture that combines a slightly coarse feel with a soft touch. This distinctive texture adds visual interest to the fabric and makes it stand out among other woolen fabrics.
  3. Warmth: Due to the inherent insulating properties of wool, Cheviot fabric provides excellent warmth and protection against cold weather conditions. It is often used in outerwear and winter garments.
  4. Crease Resistance: Cheviot fabric has natural crease resistance, which helps garments retain their shape and minimize the appearance of wrinkles.
  5. Breathability: Despite its warmth, Cheviot fabric is also breathable, allowing moisture to evaporate and ensuring comfort during extended wear.

There are two main types of Cheviot fabric:

  1. Pure Cheviot: This type of Cheviot fabric is made solely from the wool of Cheviot sheep. It showcases the characteristic durability and texture associated with Cheviot wool.
  2. Blended Cheviot: Blended Cheviot fabric is created by mixing Cheviot wool with other fibers, such as polyester or nylon. This blend enhances the fabric's performance, making it more resistant to wrinkling, shrinking, and stretching.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Cheviot fabric is utilized by various international brands renowned for their high-quality textiles and garments. Here are some of the top users and manufacturers:

  1. Harris Tweed: Harris Tweed, a prestigious Scottish brand, incorporates Cheviot fabric into their iconic tweed designs. The fabric's durability and distinct texture perfectly align with the brand's commitment to timeless elegance and craftsmanship.
  2. Pendleton Woolen Mills: Pendleton Woolen Mills, an American textile company, uses Cheviot fabric in their collection of woolen blankets and outerwear. The fabric's warmth and durability are well-suited to their heritage-inspired designs.
  3. Magee 1866: Magee 1866, an Irish heritage brand, employs Cheviot fabric in their range of tailored clothing and accessories. The fabric's durability and natural texture align with the brand's commitment to quality craftsmanship.
  4. Johnstons of Elgin: Johnstons of Elgin, a renowned Scottish cashmere manufacturer, incorporates Cheviot fabric in their collection of luxurious scarves and accessories. The fabric's unique texture adds depth and interest to their premium products.
  5. Barbour: Barbour, a British heritage brand famous for its waxed jackets, incorporates Cheviot fabric in some of their outerwear designs. The fabric's durability and weather-resistant properties complement the brand's focus on functionality and classic style.

Tips for Handling Cheviot Fabric

When working with Cheviot fabric, it is essential to keep a few tips in mind:

  • Care Instructions: Follow the care instructions provided by the manufacturer to maintain the fabric's appearance and durability. Most Cheviot fabrics can be hand-washed or dry-cleaned, but it's essential to confirm the specific recommendations for each garment.
  • Ironing: Use a medium heat setting and a pressing cloth when ironing Cheviot fabric to avoid damaging the fibers. Steam can be used to remove wrinkles effectively.
  • Storage: Store Cheviot garments in a cool, dry place, preferably in breathable garment bags or folded with acid-free tissue paper to prevent moisture buildup and potential damage.


Cheviot fabric, derived from the wool of Cheviot sheep, offers a unique combination of durability, texture, warmth, and breathability. Its slightly coarse yet soft feel sets it apart from other woolen fabrics, making it a popular choice for various applications. Top international users and manufacturers, such as Harris Tweed, Pendleton Woolen Mills, and Magee 1866, appreciate the fabric's distinct qualities and incorporate it into their high-quality garments and textiles. By following proper handling techniques, Cheviot fabric can maintain its durability and appearance, ensuring its longevity and continued use in the fashion industry.

Originally made of wool in a twill weave from the Cheviot sheep but now it is also made of blends, spun synthetics, crossbred and reused wools. It is very rugged with a harsh, uneven surface that does not hold a crease and sags with wear. It resembles serge but is much more rugged and coarse and will not shine because of the rough surface. Cheviot is often sold as a homespun but true homespun has a plain weave and very heavy. Cheviot is also sold as a tweed.
A popular staple lightweight sport coating tweed with a rough napped surface. Named for the Cheviot sheep from the Cheviot Hills of Scotland. Fabric is rugged, rather than harsh in hand, with somewhat uneven yarns. Usually twilled diagonally or woven in chevrons.

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