TextileGlossary.com

What is "Dobby" - Definition & Explanation

A mechanism for controlling the vertical position of heald shafts on a loom, so as to selectively raise some warp threads while leaving others depressed. The use of a dobby facilitates the weaving of a fabric which has a more complex structure.
An attachment to a loom which controls the harness allowing the weaving of these geometric patterns.
Woven on a dobby loom, this fabric can be made with a dot or geometric design. A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to coarse and fluffy. Standard dobby fabrics are usually flat and relatively fine or sheer. However, some heavyweight dobby fabrics are available for home furnishings and for heavy apparel.
A fabric with small, repeating geometric patterns woven into the surface.
A general term for a fabric woven on a special dobby loom, which allows the weaving of small, geometric figures. These patterns are beyond the range of simple looms, yet too limited to be produced economically by Jacquard loom. A dobby weave can be distinguished from a plain weave by its more ornate and intricate woven appearance.
A mechanism attached to a loom for controlling the movement of the heald shafts.

NOTE:

It is required when the number of heald shafts or the number of picks in a repeat of a pattern, or both, are beyond the capacity of the tappet shedding.

Weave forming small repeat geometric patterns. Includes material with small figures such as dots, geometrical designs and floral patterns woven in the fabric.
A fabric made with a dobby, namely a loom with an attachment for weaving small figures

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric of wool, also of rayon and silk. The name is derived from the French term eponge for "spongy". It is a very soft and sponge-like fabric in a variety of novelty effects with loose weave. ...
A type of decorative weave in which a pile is formed by additional warp or filling yarns interlaced in such a way that loops are formed on the surface or face of the fabric. The loops may be left...
A fabric that goes through a brushing process to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand. Sueded Nylon See Sueded Cotton. Swatch Proof Sample of the material of the product to be purchased,...
A ballgown is a type of long dress that is fitted at the bodice, with a very full skirt. This is the most formal dress silhouette, usually reserved for the dressiest of occasions. The ballgown looks...
A wool fabric made in France from the wool of Pyrenees’ flocks of sheep. The Pyrenees are a mountain chain between France and Spain. The fabric is well known because it is a high quality fabric which...

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