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What is "Dobby" - Definition & Explanation

A mechanism for controlling the vertical position of heald shafts on a loom, so as to selectively raise some warp threads while leaving others depressed. The use of a dobby facilitates the weaving of a fabric which has a more complex structure.
An attachment to a loom which controls the harness allowing the weaving of these geometric patterns.
Woven on a dobby loom, this fabric can be made with a dot or geometric design. A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to coarse and fluffy. Standard dobby fabrics are usually flat and relatively fine or sheer. However, some heavyweight dobby fabrics are available for home furnishings and for heavy apparel.
A fabric with small, repeating geometric patterns woven into the surface.
A general term for a fabric woven on a special dobby loom, which allows the weaving of small, geometric figures. These patterns are beyond the range of simple looms, yet too limited to be produced economically by Jacquard loom. A dobby weave can be distinguished from a plain weave by its more ornate and intricate woven appearance.
A mechanism attached to a loom for controlling the movement of the heald shafts.

NOTE:

It is required when the number of heald shafts or the number of picks in a repeat of a pattern, or both, are beyond the capacity of the tappet shedding.

Weave forming small repeat geometric patterns. Includes material with small figures such as dots, geometrical designs and floral patterns woven in the fabric.
A fabric made with a dobby, namely a loom with an attachment for weaving small figures

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric that has been treated with a synthetic film-forming polymer (resin). This may be done to make the fabric firmer, heavier, more stable, to add wrinkle resistance, to reduce shrinkage or to...
A strong, durable fabric with cotton ground and vertical cut-pile stripes (wales) formed by an extra system of filling yarns. The foundation of the fabric can be either a plain or twill weave. Of all...
A textile product of substantial length and relatively small cross-section and that consists of fibres (q.v.) or filament(s) (q.v.) (or both) with or without twist. NOTE: a) Assemblies of fibres or...
A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste,...
The use of the term in relation to treated cotton ducks is prohibited by the "Fair Trade Practices Act" unless :the product shall be impervious to the passage of any water so long as the fabric may...

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