What are "Pile Fabric" - Definition & Explanation

Pile fabric
Pile fabric is a type of textile characterized by raised fibers or loops that create a soft, fuzzy surface. It is commonly used in various applications, including clothing, upholstery, and home furnishings. The distinctive feature of pile fabric is its three-dimensional texture, which provides comfort, warmth, and aesthetic appeal.

Pile fabrics can be categorized into two main types: cut pile and loop pile. In cut pile fabrics, the loops of fibers are cut to create a plush surface. This type of pile fabric includes velvet, corduroy, and velour. On the other hand, loop pile fabrics have uncut loops that form the surface texture, such as terry cloth and some types of carpeting.

The production of pile fabric involves specialized weaving or knitting techniques. In weaving, an additional set of warp or weft yarns is incorporated into the fabric, creating loops or raised piles. These loops can be left intact or cut to achieve the desired texture. In knitting, specific knitting techniques like terry or intarsia knitting are employed to create the loops or pile effect.

One of the most well-known pile fabrics is velvet. Velvet is a luxurious fabric with a dense pile of evenly distributed cut fibers. It has a smooth and soft feel and is often used for high-end apparel, upholstery, and drapery. Velvet can be made from various fibers, including silk, cotton, rayon, or synthetic materials like polyester.

Another popular pile fabric is corduroy, which features parallel ridges or "wales" formed by raised pile yarns. Corduroy is durable, warm, and versatile, making it suitable for trousers, jackets, and upholstery. It is commonly made from cotton, although synthetic versions also exist.

Terry cloth is a loop pile fabric known for its excellent absorbency. It is widely used for towels, bathrobes, and other absorbent products. Terry cloth can be made from cotton or a blend of cotton and synthetic fibers.

The applications of pile fabric are diverse, ranging from fashion to interior design. In the fashion industry, pile fabrics are used for various clothing items such as jackets, coats, dresses, and accessories like hats and scarves. Pile fabric's softness, warmth, and texture add a touch of luxury and comfort to garments.

In the realm of upholstery, pile fabric is a popular choice for furniture and decorative purposes. Upholstered furniture, cushions, and curtains made from pile fabrics provide an inviting and cozy ambiance. Pile fabrics add depth, texture, and visual interest to interior spaces.

Top users and manufacturers of pile fabric include textile mills, garment manufacturers, and interior design companies. Established textile mills produce pile fabrics in large quantities to supply to various industries. Some renowned manufacturers of pile fabric include companies like Mohawk Industries, Richloom Fabrics Group, and Kravet Inc.

Fashion designers and luxury brands often incorporate pile fabrics in their collections, utilizing their softness and texture to create standout pieces. High-end fashion houses like Gucci, Chanel, and Prada have been known to use pile fabrics in their designs. Additionally, interior designers and decorators seek out pile fabrics to add warmth, comfort, and visual appeal to their projects.

In conclusion, pile fabric is a versatile and luxurious textile known for its raised fibers or loops that create a soft and fuzzy surface. Cut pile and loop pile are the two main types of pile fabrics, with examples including velvet, corduroy, and terry cloth. Pile fabrics find applications in fashion, upholstery, and home furnishings, providing comfort, warmth, and aesthetic appeal. Prominent users and manufacturers of pile fabric include textile mills, garment manufacturers, fashion designers, and interior design companies.
Pile fabric
It is a fabric that is characterized by long floats of yarn or loops of yarn. In case of warp pile the warp loops are formed which may be cut or uncut. In case of weft piles long floats of weft are formed that may be cut or uncut.
Pile Fabric
A fabric in which certain yarns project from a foundation texture and form a pile on the surface. Pile yarns may be cut or uncut in the fabric. Corduroy and velveteen are examples of cut filling pile fabrics.
Pile fabric
Fabric with cut fibers or uncut loops which stand up densely on the surface. Usually has a plush feel (i.e., bath towel, velvet).

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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A warp knit fabric of silk, rayon, or synthetics in which the fabric is formed by interlooping adjacent parallel yarns. The warp beam holds thousands of yards of yarns in a parallel arrangement, and...
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A fibre made from a synthetic linear polymer obtained by polymerising an unsaturated hydrocarbon (e.g. ethylene CH?-CH? or propylene CH? = CH-CH3) to give a linear saturated hydrocarbon. (See also...
Paduasoy is a historical fabric that originated in the 18th century and holds significance in the textile industry. It is a luxurious silk fabric known for its smooth texture, lustrous appearance,...

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