TextileGlossary.com

What is "Bias" - Definition & Explanation

Bias is the direction line that is the right angle to the lenghtwise and crosswise grain of the fabric. The bias has stretch in woven fabric and will can be an advantage or a hindrance. Plan accordingly.
The direction diagonally across a piece of fabric at 45 to the warp and weft. Bicomponent fabric: A fabric with two layers.
The bias direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as 'the bias', is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads. Every piece of woven fabric has two biases, perpendicular to each other.
Any direction that is not the lengthwise or crosswise grain of a woven fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Shorts are a garment worn by both men and women over their pelvic area and the upper part of the upper legs or more, but not the entire length of the leg. They are called "shorts" because they are a...
Mercerized cotton is cotton thread (or cotton-covered thread with a polyester core) that has been treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The thread is given a caustic soda bath that is then...
A woven fabric, usually cotton or maybe linen, with loop pile on one or both sides. Pile, also jacquard and dobby combined with pile. It has either all over loops on both sides of the fabric or...
A color match between physically different stimuli, ie a match between stimuli with different reflectances or spectral power distributions. Such stimuli that match (for an observer and a viewing...
A fabric in the condition in which it leaves the loom or knitting machine, i.e. before any bleaching, dyeing or finishing treatment has been given to it. NOTE: In some countries, particularly on...

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