TextileGlossary.com

What is "Bias" - Definition & Explanation

Bias is the direction line that is the right angle to the lenghtwise and crosswise grain of the fabric. The bias has stretch in woven fabric and will can be an advantage or a hindrance. Plan accordingly.
The direction diagonally across a piece of fabric at 45 to the warp and weft. Bicomponent fabric: A fabric with two layers.
The bias direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as 'the bias', is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads. Every piece of woven fabric has two biases, perpendicular to each other.
Any direction that is not the lengthwise or crosswise grain of a woven fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A chemical reaction that changes cellulose linters (cotton) into cellulose acetate. This reaction improves the heat and rot resistance of the fiber yet does not adversely affect the other good...
A combination or association of molecules that may be of one compound or two or more compounds that react, simultaneously or consecutively, to form a regular system of molecules (usually of high...
Designer 727 is a two-ply, 80% Australian wool/20% bright viscose rayon with 2,200 yds/lb. This is the finest wool-ray available. Designer 727 has a slightly higher twist than the ordinary yarns...
Basic internal structure or skeleton of an upholstered piece. Kiln-dried hardwood is best for durability in wooden frames, but often engineered wood products are used. Metals are also used in marine...
The coloring of greige goods or fibers with either natural or synthetic dyes. This may be done in many different ways depending on the type of fabric (or fiber), the type of dye and the desired...

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