What is "Cut yardage" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 03-Apr-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 27 days ago)
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Cut yardage

The term "Cut Yardage" refers to a specific unit of measurement used in the textile industry to denote fabric that is sold in pre-cut lengths, typically measured in yards. It is a widely used term in fabric retail and manufacturing, and understanding its meaning and implications is essential for professionals and enthusiasts in the textile field.

History and Origin

The concept of selling fabric in pre-cut lengths has a long history, dating back to the early days of textile production. In the past, fabrics were often sold in bulk rolls, and customers would purchase the desired length based on their specific needs. However, as the textile industry evolved and consumer demand grew, the need for standardized pre-cut lengths emerged.

The practice of selling fabric in cut yardage gained prominence in the retail sector, where it allowed for easier handling, pricing, and inventory management. By offering fabric in predetermined lengths, retailers could cater to a wider range of customers and streamline their operations.

Types of Cut Yardage

There are various types of cut yardage available, depending on the intended use and fabric characteristics. Some common types include:

  1. Apparel Cut Yardage: This refers to fabric that is cut and sold specifically for garment construction. It is available in a range of widths and can include various materials such as cotton, silk, wool, or synthetic fibers.
  2. Home Decor Cut Yardage: Home decor fabrics, such as upholstery and drapery fabrics, are also sold in pre-cut lengths. These fabrics are often wider than apparel fabrics and are chosen for their durability and aesthetic appeal in home furnishings.
  3. Quilting Cut Yardage: Quilters often require specific pre-cut lengths of fabric for their projects. Quilting cut yardage is typically sold in smaller increments, such as fat quarters or jelly rolls, catering to the specific needs of quilting enthusiasts.
  4. Craft Cut Yardage: Crafters and hobbyists often require smaller quantities of fabric for various projects. Craft cut yardage offers pre-cut lengths suitable for smaller-scale crafts, such as sewing accessories, bags, or small garments.

Tips for Handling Cut Yardage

When dealing with cut yardage fabrics, it is important to consider a few tips to ensure proper handling and utilization:

  • Measurement Accuracy: Double-check the measurements of the cut yardage to ensure they match your requirements before purchasing or using the fabric. This helps avoid any discrepancies or shortage during the project.
  • Pre-Washing: Depending on the fabric type, it may be necessary to pre-wash the cut yardage to eliminate any shrinkage or color bleeding. Follow the fabric care instructions and recommendations before starting your project.
  • Pattern Placement: When working with patterned cut yardage, consider the placement of the design elements to ensure they align properly and create a visually pleasing outcome.
  • Matching Dye Lots: If you require multiple pieces of cut yardage for a project, ensure they come from the same dye lot to maintain color consistency throughout the finished product.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

The market for cut yardage fabrics is vast, with numerous international users and manufacturers catering to different segments of the textile industry. Here are some of the top brands known for their use or production of cut yardage fabrics:

  1. Jo-Ann Fabric and Craft Stores: Jo-Ann is a well-known retailer of fabrics and craft supplies, offering a wide range of cut yardage options for various applications. They cater to both hobbyists and professionals, providing an extensive selection of fabrics.
  2. Fabric.com: As an online fabric retailer, Fabric.com offers a vast collection of cut yardage fabrics, serving customers worldwide. They source fabrics from different manufacturers, providing a diverse range of options.
  3. Robert Kaufman Fabrics: Robert Kaufman is a renowned fabric manufacturer known for its high-quality cut yardage fabrics. They produce fabrics for quilting, apparel, and home decor, featuring diverse designs and material options.
  4. Moda Fabrics: Moda is a leading manufacturer of cut yardage fabrics, particularly popular among quilters. They produce fabric collections in collaboration with renowned designers, ensuring a wide range of styles and patterns.
  5. Waverly: Waverly is a prominent brand specializing in home decor cut yardage fabrics. They offer an extensive selection of fabrics for upholstery, drapery, and other interior design applications.

These are just a few examples of international users and manufacturers of cut yardage fabrics, illustrating the diverse range of options available in the market.


Cut yardage plays a significant role in the textile industry, offering convenience, standardization, and accessibility for both retailers and consumers. The practice of selling fabric in pre-cut lengths has evolved over time, meeting the changing needs of the industry and consumers alike. With various types of cut yardage available, handling and utilizing these fabrics require attention to measurement accuracy, pre-washing, pattern placement, and dye lot matching. Through the involvement of top international users and manufacturers, the market for cut yardage fabrics continues to thrive, providing a wide array of choices for professionals and enthusiasts in the textile field.

Cut yardage
A fabric or trimming ordered to a specific measurement, as opposed to purchasing by the piece.

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