TextileGlossary.com

What is "Oilcloth" - Definition & Explanation

Oilcloth was, traditionally, heavy cotton or linen cloth with a linseed oil coating: it was semi-waterproof. The most familiar use was for brightly printed kitchen tablecloths. Dull-colored oilcloth was used for bedrolls, sou'westers, and tents. By the late 1950s, oilcloth became a synonym for vinyl (polyvinyl chloride) bonded to either a flanneled cloth or a printed vinyl with a synthetic non-woven backing.
A general term for any oil coated fabric.
Oilcloth was, traditionally, heavy cotton or linen cloth with a linseed oil coating: it was semi-water-proof. The most familiar use was for brightly printed kitchen tablecloths. Dull colored oilcloth was used for bedrolls, sou'westers, and tents. By the late 1950's, oilcloth became a synonym for vinyl (polyvinyl chloride) bonded to a flanneled cloth.
Originally, textiles such as cotton were coated in oil to create resistance to moisture. Now, resins from plastics are used instead of oil. Olefin is a very versatile fiber with excellent flexibility. In the past, oilcloth was used for waterproof garments. Oilcloth is another historical fabric that has been replaced by synthetics and more modern fabrics.
Cloth treated with oil or paint and used for table and shelf coverings.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Removal of loose threads, knots, slubs, burs, and other extraneous materials from fabrics by means of a burling iron, a type of tweezer. The trick is to remove the impurity without damaging the...
The highest grade of material made from the best of stock Saxony, Silesia, or Australia merino wool. Two-up and one-down twill weave is used. Set in the reed at 144 inches and finished at about...
A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of acrylonitrile units [-CH2-CH(CN)-] (FTC definition). Acrylic...
This process is usually used on splits, or heavily buffed leather The finishing fim is created on a continuous release paper. An adhesive is applied to the film, and then it is pressed onto the...
A toothed, comb-like part of a LOOM. Its function is to hold the strands of longitudinal yarn (WARP) in alignment between its teeth and also to push each transverse thread (PICK) tight against the...

Companies for Oilcloth:


If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Oilcloth, please fill your company details below so that we can list our company for FREE!