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What is "Polythene fibre" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 17-May-2023 (9 months, 10 days ago)
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Polythene Fibre: From Innovation to Application in the Textile Industry


Polythene Fibre in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and Explanation

Polythene fibre, also known as polyethylene fibre, is a synthetic material widely used in the textile industry. It is derived from polyethylene, a thermoplastic polymer, and possesses unique properties that make it suitable for various applications. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of polythene fibre, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

Polyethylene, the base material for polythene fibre, was first synthesized by German chemist Hans von Pechmann in 1898. However, its commercial production began in the 1930s, when scientists at Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) developed a high-pressure polymerization process. This breakthrough led to the large-scale production of polyethylene, paving the way for the development of polythene fibre.

Types of Polythene Fibre

Polythene fibre comes in various types, each with its own characteristics and applications:

  1. High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Fibre: HDPE fibre is known for its high strength and stiffness, excellent chemical resistance, and low moisture absorption. It is commonly used in applications requiring durability and dimensional stability, such as ropes, nets, and geotextiles.
  2. Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) Fibre: LDPE fibre offers flexibility, good impact resistance, and a soft feel. It is commonly used in applications where comfort is essential, such as in woven or non-woven fabrics for clothing, bedding, and medical products.
  3. Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) Fibre: LLDPE fibre combines the properties of both HDPE and LDPE fibres, offering a balance of strength, flexibility, and chemical resistance. It finds applications in various industries, including packaging, agriculture, and textiles.

Tips for Handling Polythene Fibre

To ensure proper handling and maintenance of polythene fibre, the following tips should be considered:

  • Storage Conditions: Polythene fibre should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent degradation.
  • Protection from Heat: Exposure to high temperatures can cause melting or deformation of polythene fibre. Care should be taken to avoid contact with hot surfaces or sources of heat.
  • Proper Cleaning: Cleaning instructions provided by the manufacturer should be followed to maintain the integrity and longevity of polythene fibre products.
  • Avoid Sharp Objects: Polythene fibre is susceptible to cutting or tearing when in contact with sharp objects. Caution should be exercised to prevent damage during handling and use.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Polythene fibre is utilized by various international users and manufacturers in the textile industry. Here are some notable companies:

  1. DSM Dyneema: DSM Dyneema specializes in high-performance materials, including polyethylene fibres. Their Dyneema brand offers exceptional strength, lightweight properties, and cut resistance, making it ideal for applications in protective clothing, ropes, and ballistic protection.
  2. SABIC: SABIC, one of the world's largest petrochemical manufacturers, produces polyethylene fibres under its brand name ULTEM. These fibres find application in various industries, including aerospace, automotive, and consumer goods.
  3. Formosa Plastics Corporation: Formosa Plastics Corporation is a leading manufacturer of polyethylene fibres used in diverse applications such as fishing nets, industrial textiles, and agriculture.
  4. Reliance Industries Limited: Reliance Industries, based in India, is a major player in the production of polyethylene fibres. Their products cater to sectors such as packaging, agriculture, and construction.
  5. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation produces polyethylene fibres that are utilized in various applications, including sports equipment, automotive components, and industrial materials.

Conclusion

Polythene fibre, derived from polyethylene, has revolutionized the textile industry with its versatility and unique properties. With its history dating back to the early 20th century, polythene fibre has evolved into different types, each serving specific needs in various industries. Proper handling and maintenance are crucial to ensure the longevity and performance of polythene fibre products. The top international users and manufacturers highlighted in this article showcase the widespread adoption of polythene fibre and its significant impact on the global textile market.


Polythene Fibre
The generic name for fibres made from a synthetic linear polymer of ethylene and that has the structure:


NOTE:


The two types of commercial production are:


a) high-density polyethylene *HDPE), 0,96g/m?, produced by low-pressure polymerisation; and


b) low-density polyethylene (LDPE), 0,93g/m?, produced by high-pressure polymerisation.

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